2021 NRPA Agency Performance Review

The typical park and recreation agency offers one park for every 2,277 residents served, with 9.9 acres of parkland per 1,000 residents. But park and recreation agencies are as diverse as the communities that they serve, and what works well for one agency may not be best for your agency. Therefore, park and recreation professionals need data to identify the best practices to optimally serve their community.

那就是2021 NRPA Agency Performance Reviewcomes in. This report is the most comprehensive resource of data and insights for park and recreation agencies in the United States. The report highlights 25 of the most critical park and recreation metrics collected from theNRPA Park Metricsdatabase.

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NRPA Out-of-School Time Report

Cover of the 2021 Out-of-School Time Report with a group of children throwing leaves in the air.More than four in five park and recreation agencies offer out-of-school time (OST) programs that serve millions of children throughout the United States. These before-school, after-school and/or summer programs provide physical activity opportunities, safe spaces for children, childcare for parents and caregivers, and social connections with peers. The2021 NRPA Out-of-School Time Reportlooks at those offerings and benefits of OST programs provided by local parks and recreation. Additionally, the report delves into innovations to OST programs brought on by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, limitations found in providing additional or expanded program offerings due to funding and workforce shortages, and partner opportunities.


2021 Agency Performance ReviewEach year, NRPA conducts a study exploring the public’s relationship with their local parks. This annual study probes the essential nature of local parks and recreation, including how parks play a role in deciding where to live; the number of local parks, trails and other open spaces within easy access to people’s homes; and the public’s desire for local and state governments to sufficiently fund their local park and recreation agencies. The2021 NRPA Engagement with Parks Reporttakes a closer look at how people’s visitation rates to their local parks, trails and open spaces changed during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Parks and Recreation: Advancing Community Health and Well-Being

Advancing Community Health And Well-beingTo meet the emerging health and wellness needs of the public, parks and recreation — in partnership with community members — is evolving into community wellness hubs. These hubs are trusted gathering places that allow every member of a community to connect with essential programs, services and spaces that advance health equity, improve health outcomes and enhance quality of life. TheParks and Recreation: Advancing Community Health and Well-Being報告側重於公園和娛樂專業人士如何應對社區的不斷擴大的健康和健康需求,包括編程,教育,創新和健康股權。

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Parks and Recreation Report

Diversity, Equity & Inclusion in Parks and RecreationGiven their mission to make communities better places to live, learn, work and play, park and recreation agencies are in a unique position to champion efforts that advance diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI). Across the profession, however, gaps remain in understanding how systemic racism, unfair power structures, and a lack of cultural competency and humility affect DEI and access to quality park and recreation spaces and programs.

TheDiversity, Equity and Inclusion in Parks and Recreationreport takes inventory of the DEI activities, if any, agencies have established, the professional development opportunities provided to staff, and the challenges organizations face in their efforts to promote DEI practices.

2021 NRPA Park and Recreation Salary Survey

The2021 NRPA Park and Recreation Salary Surveyreport presents compensation data provided by agency size, type and certain demographic characteristics of incumbents in the positions (e.g., education, certifications and years in the profession). The analysis also examines factors that determine pay raises and bonuses (if offered) and highlights other benefits that comprise full compensation packages for park and recreation professionals.

Workforce Development and Career Exploration in Park and Recreation Report

TheWorkforce Development and Career Exploration in Park and Recreationreport explores the benefits and goals of workforce development and career exploration programs, how these programs are offered at agencies, the role of partners in connecting participants to jobs, and the program-related challenges facing many agencies.

The report highlights the role park and recreation professionals and their agencies play in preparing youth and young adults for their future regardless of whether they continue to work in parks and recreation. Workforce development or career exploration programs expose youth and young adults to a wide range of jobs allowing participants to build self-confidence, gain valuable work experience and develop foundational skills, such as communications and financial literacy.


Park and recreation professionals and their agencies are major providers of both organized and unorganized sports program facilities across the nation. Equity is at the heart of access to youth sports. Studies demonstrate that gender, household formation and income correlate with children’s engagement with organized sports, what sports they may play and how long they engage in those activities. Unfortunately, there are significant disparities in who has access to youth sports opportunities.

TheYouth Sports at Park and Recreation Agenciesreportexplores youth sports offerings, partnerships, fees and registration, and equitable access. The report also takes a look at the impact of COVID-19 on youth sports during the summer and fall of 2020.

公園和娛樂局 - 基礎關係:為未來合作

The majority of the nation’s more than 10,000 park and recreation agencies rely on taxpayer support and generated revenue as their primary funding sources. Unfortunately, the typical agency does not receive sufficient funding to fully deliver on its mission. As a result, many park and recreation agencies partner with nonprofit park foundations or “friends groups” to ensure every community member has access to high-quality park and recreation programming and facilities. Read thisreportfor evidence-based best practices that optimize these relationships and for a detailed snapshot of the benefits and challenges that exist between agency-foundation relationships.

The Economic Impact of Local Parks

Economic Impact of Local ParksNRPA'sEconomic Impact of Local Parks Reportnot only demonstrates that the nation's local parks generate more than $166 billion in economic activity per year and support more than 1.1 million jobs from operations and capital spending alone, but also highlights the significant economic contributions of local parks in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. This report demonstrates that parks are powerful engines of valuable economic activity and deserve support and recognition from elected officials, policymakers and the public.

Green Stormwater Infrastructure in Parks Report

Green Stormwater Infrastructure in Parks ReportCities and towns across the nation are turning to Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) investments to reduce and treat stormwater flooding. These nature-based methods, such as permeable pavement, bioswales, stream restorations or tree canopies, also offer communities many additional health and wellness benefits, opportunities for social cohesion and improved economic prosperity. Thisreport highlights green infrastructure projects at park systems, including issues surrounding funding, stakeholder engagement, and how to measure these investments’ long-term benefits.

Park and Recreation Marketing and Communications Report

Park and Recreation Marketing and Communications ReportTheNRPA公園和娛樂營銷和通訊報告檢查方法和手段機構用沙re their vast array of offerings to the community. Getting the word out to the public about what park and recreation agencies do is a great challenge. One solution to this challenge is for agencies to invest in marketing and communications strategies—although accomplishing this is no small feat. Building awareness, boosting revenue and enhancing public support and engagement are key goals for park and recreation marketing and communications strategies. This survey explores the various methods and tactics used to market to community members, the use of partners for greater reach, the role of social media in marketing and communications, typical budgets and number of personnel devoted to this effort, and much more.


農民市場ReportThe農民市場—Parks and Recreation Connecting Communities to Healthy Foods reportexplores the role park and recreation agencies play in bringing farmers markets to their communities. The report explores markets’ product and services offerings—spanning from fresh produce and protein to entertainment and educational programming, as well as the organizations that agencies partner with to make their markets successful and the challenges they must overcome.

NRPA Awareness and the Use of Parks Report

Awareness ReportNRPA’s Awareness and the Use of Parks report探討了角色意識在駕駛公園and recreation usage and presents a series of steps that park and recreation leaders should consider when executing an awareness strategy. The report also studies the steps taken by two cutting edge park and recreation agencies to promote greater awareness of their offerings.

Promoting Parks and Recreation's Role in Economic Development

NRPA經濟發展報告NRPA'sPromoting Parks and Recreation's Role in Economic Developmentreport explored the role that quality park amenities play in 21st century regional economic development. Based on conversations with more than 70 park and recreation professionals, economic development practitioners and site-location consultants, this report highlights the important supporting role parks and recreation in recruiting and retaining businesses and skilled workers.


公園和娛樂納入報告NRPA developed theParks and Recreation Inclusion Reportto provide greater insight into how agencies across the United States ensure that all members of their communities can enjoy parks and recreation. The study also highlights the significant challenges facing the industry in delivering on this promise.

Local Government Officials’ Perceptions of Parks and Recreation

Local Government Officials’ Perceptions of Parks and RecreationParks and recreation is predominantly a service provided by local governments and therefore is reliant on financial support from local governments’ general tax funds. However, local governments fund and manage a variety of different public services. This report will help park and recreation professionals understand how local government officials view and prioritize these services.Read more about the study here.

Healthy Aging in Parks Survey

Healthy Aging in Parks Survey ResultsPark and recreation agencies are in a unique position to ensure that the needs of underserved older adults are being met. Based on survey responses from 524 park and recreation professionals,this study explores how park and recreation agencies and their staff serve older adults.

Park and Recreation Sustainability Practices

Park and Recreation Sustainability Practices公園是關鍵社區利益相關者addressing the effects of climate change. From protecting water resources via green infrastructure practices, to reducing urban heat island effect through city wide forest restoration - parks play a critical role in ensuring that our communities successfully adapt and thrive in light of a rapidly changing planet.

Homelessness in Parks Survey Results

從曆史上看,公園和娛樂機構公頃d a complicated relationship with the homeless community they serve. On one level, public parks are resources for the entire community, providing valuable services to all people. On another level, the prevalence of homeless individuals using park resources can put great pressure on the finite resources of park and recreation agencies. The circumstances of homelessness vary significantly by city, with each park and recreation agency facing a unique set of challenges and holding a unique perspective.因此,減輕無家可歸不能成為一個機構或一個城市內部的唯一責任。總之,10個城市公園和娛樂局董事中的九點報告稱,他們的城市具有策略和戰略,以減輕社區的無家可歸者。

使用Park&Recreation Adencies的數據

Using Data at Park and Rec AgenciesIn recent years, park and recreation professionals have increased their use of data analysis to support decision making. The insights gleaned from data analysis help agencies make informed programming decisions for their facilities, help optimize capital expenditure budgets and support master planning. At the same time, many park and recreation agencies face the daunting challenge of identifying how to best take advantage of the great promise data can bring to their agencies. Based on the feedback of 58 directors from urban park and recreation agencies,this study looks at how park and recreation agencies are embracing datatoday and to identify the barriers that inhibit greater use of analysis.

Americans’ Broad-Based Support for Local Recreation and Park Services

Americans Support for Recreation and Park ServicesAmericans cherish their local public park and recreation services, seeing them as valuable features of their communities, towns and cities. In fact, Americans almost unanimously agree that their communities benefit from their local public parks,even if they are not regular park users. This passion for local public parks has gone unabated during the past 25 years even as our nation and the ways we interact and entertain each other have dramatically evolved.Read the study and dig deeper with interactive graphics.

Relevant Research for Practice

Relevant Research for Practice 2017以下報告翻譯了日常公園和娛樂專業人士的關鍵學術研究結果。Included are summaries of more than 70 peer-reviewed research articles published between 2012 and 2017. For each report, you will find a summary of each articles’ key findings, the full reference, contact information of the primary authors and (if available) links to download the full academic articles.

Read more about key academic research findings here.

Active Transportation and Parks and Recreation

Active Transportation and Parks and RecreationParks and recreation agencies have historically been closely aligned with the goals of active transportation principles, as well as playing an important role in the development and management of active transportation infrastructure. It is difficult to imagine a truly comprehensive active transportation network that is not touched by a park and recreation agency, and in many cases parks and recreation agencies are the primary providers of active transportation-related services. Through active transportation, parks and recreation agencies provide valuable benefits to communities by providing an engine for economic development, increasing health and wellbeing, supporting conservation and providing benefits to all advocates regardless of socioeconomic status.DownloadActive Transportation and Parks and Recreation.


Park Access ReportAccess to parks increases one's level of physical activity, therefore parks are an important destination that should be easily accessible to all advocates. This report explores the obstacles limiting walkability to parks and identify the essential elements of a safe route to a park. Additionally, this report assesses the barriers to walkability, determines the key stakeholders responsible for creating safe routes to parks, identifies strategies on building awareness on the importance of walkability, and recognizes current initiatives on improving safe routes to parks.Download安全路線到停車:通過步行改善公園的訪問.

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